Australian War Memorial – Thank You.

The Australian War Memorial provides some wonderful photos and records.  Today I found some amazingly detailed information about an Old Boy from Manchester Warehouseman & Clerks Orphans’ School.  The details from the Australian Red Cross and AWM provide a more detailed picture of a casualty than i have ever seen before.  Well done Australia.

Courtesy Australian War Memorial with thanks.

Courtesy Australian War Memorial with thanks.

This is the most vivid letter in the files for William Barker Hart.  RCDIG1046079 Aus Red Cross and AWM 131 – Service Details The other data allows verification on a basis that is simply impossible from the records I have found for British Army casualties.  RCDIG1067840 AWM Nominal Roll on Ship – HMAC Ceramic The Luftwaffe wiped out many of our records, but I am not certain the British Red Cross compiled such data.

This is way off topic, but ackowledgement needs to be given to the Australian people.  Equally, William probably knew my grandad…

Lord Kitchener & The Lord Mayor of Manchester 21st March 1915

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Mayor isn’t really wearing a mace on top of his hat!

Kitchener Parade V Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 22 March 1915

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

See more details of the Manchester Pals training and service at Heaton Park, Manchester | 17th Battalion Manchester Regiment on the Somme

Herbert Bell Portrait Manchester Evening News 05 July 1917 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS

Private Herbert Bell – Cousin. Killed in Action Palestine 6/6/1917.

Herbert Bell Obit Manchester Evening News 02 July 1917

Manchester Evening News 02 July 1917 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

A free weekend on a well known family history website led to a chance identification of a second family member who lost his life in World War I.  The Bell name was very common in Manchester and I had not previously been able to cross reference one of Arthur Bell’s cousins with any particular Herbert Bell.  I then recognised this Roll of Honour (RoH) record with the 48 Renshaw Street address – where Arthur Bell’s sister had lived with her Aunt Isabella in 1911.  Here’s my attempt to help remember Herbert:-

Herbert was born in Manchester on 2nd April 1893 and was christened in Holy Trinity Church, Hulme soon after.  His father William had married his mother Mary Jane Henshall in Holy Trinity, on 19/1/1889 as witnessed by his brother Richard; Arthur Bell’s father. William’s father, Andrew is noted to be a Mechanic and he was probably living with Andrew at 48 Phillips Street.  Herbert was their second son.  Elder brother William Henry had been born in 1891 (went on to be a Lieutenant in RGA).  Younger sister, Edith was born in 1903.  William is noted as an Assistant teacher in the Baptism record and 1901 and 1911 census when the family lived in 16 Phillips Street and 29 Beresford Street respectively.  By 1911, Hebert was an 18 year old Clerk working in a Home Trade Warehouse.  Later newspaper reports indicate Herbert had been employed in Granby Shirt Company in Altrincham, prior to enlisting in Salford.

As a man with half dozen family members who joined the Manchester Regiment, it is not known why Herbert chose the Lancashire Fusiliers as a Private – 2344 – with whom Herbert arrived with the 1/7th  Battalion in the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in Egypt on 3rd November 1914.  Unconfirmed thoughts suggest Herbert may have been a pre-war Territorial soldier.  The LF Medal Roll suggest Herbert was renumbered in early 1917 as 280493.

Herbert Bell wounded Manchester Evening News 13 August 1915

Manchester Evening News 13 August 1915 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

The 1/7th LF were part of the East Lancs Division and entered Gallipoli in 1915.  At some stage after 5th July, Herbert was wounded (Wounded list published 7th July) and evacuated to Egypt.  He spent time in the Lady Douglas’s  Convalescent Home in Alexandria. The extracts of his letter illustrates the good treatment he received and some indication the “Turkish Delight” he had experienced in the Dardanelles.

The Manchesters and their Division returned to Europe in August 1915 and it is anticipated Herbert was posted to the Machine Gun Corps after his recovery. He was latterly posted to 155th Company of the Machine Gun Corps and allocated number 59137.

The 155th Brigade had arrived in Gallipoli with the 52nd (Lowland) Division in June 1915 and they withdrew to Egypt in January 1916.

155th Brigade include Territorial Battalions of the 1/4 & 1/5th Royal Scots Fusiliers and Kings Own Scottish Borderers.  After time spent in Cairo, the Brigade moved to the Gaza Defences of Palestine in 1917.  Herbert Bell was killed on 6th June 1917 after the second battle for Gaza.  He is buried in Gaza War Cemetery.

Herbert Bell Manchester Evening News 06 June 1918

Manchester Evening News 06 June 1918 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Herbert’s Effects were left to mother and father, along with a large share to his fiance Edith Cox.

The extensive Obituaries in the Manchester Evening News in 1917 and anniversary 1918 illustrate the loss to family and friends.

William and Mary Jane Bell’s testimony to their son is repeated:-

Some day we hope to meet him,
Some day, we know not when,
To clasp hand in the better land,
Never to part again.

Herbert’s younger sister Edith and brother Will  remembered their brother and reference is made to ‘sisters’ little Marie and Alice.*1

Edith wrote on the first anniversary of Herbert’s death:-

One long, sad year has passed away
Since our great sorrow fell,
Yet in our hearts we mourn the loss
Of one we loved so well.

Herbert’s Brother Will was serving in France, Commissioned in the Royal Garrison Artillery when he wrote:-

He nobly fell at duty’s call.
He gave his life for one and all,
A loving brother, good and kind,
A beautiful memory left behind.

Herbert’s ‘broken hearted sweetheart’, Edith Cox remained deeply grieving when she wrote for the anniversary:-

I that loves you sadly missed you,
As it dawns another year,
In my lonely hours of thinking
Thoughts of you are ever near.

Writing from 48 Renshaw Street*2 Herbert’s aunt’s Mary Ann (Polly) remembered him with her sister Isabella Ridge who was grieving her own son Alfred Ridge (18th Manchesters)The supreme sacrifice – his bright young life. The message also refers to Cousins Edith, Bessie and Frederick Foulkes (21st Manchesters)

Aunt Ethel (Unidentified) and Uncle Joe (in France) also paid their respects along “May his reward be as great as his sacrifice” with Aunt Ria and Uncle Will (in Palestine).  This was probably William Foulkes

NOTES

*1 The 1911 census confirmed only three siblings, meaning Alice and Marie must have been spiritual sisters, in laws or nieces.

*2 48 Renshaw Street was the Foulkes family home in 1911.  Polly and Bella Bell were younger sisters of William Bell.

*3 Cousin Ethel and Joe (in France) have not been identified at 48 Renshaw Street.  Neither has Aunt Ria and Uncle Will (in Palestine) of 81 Palmerston Street, Moss Side.

Warehouseman & Clerks Orphans’ School War Memorial – Roll of Honour

Memorial Roll

WORK IN PROGRESS

Almond, Leo

19th Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Killed in Action April 1917.  Inmate at School on 1911 Census, aged 13.

Armstrong, Roland

19th Kings (Liverpool Regiment), formerly 2804 7th Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Killed in Action 20th Sept 1917.  Inmate at School on 1911 Census, aged 13.

Ash, John Buckley

Ash Aberdeen Journal 16.9.1915 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Ash Aberdeen Journal 16.9.1915 © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Born 21 Sep 1896 in Crumpsall.  Private 16444 1st Bttn, Royal Marine Light Infantry.  Killed in action1 Sep 1915. Official Number Port Division: Ply/16444.  Plymouth Battalion Royal Naval Division.  Mother: Margaret 97 Crescent Road Crumpsall later of “Ash Lea”, Highbury Ave., Prestatyn, N.Wales.  Commemorated Helles Memorial. Enlisted Liverpool 21/10/13 ; Deal Bn. at Dunkirk & Defence of Antwerp 1914 ; MEF 28/2/15-1/9/15.  Steward in the Merchant Service.  Visited the School on Oct 17th 1914: ‘had just returned with the Naval Brigade from the trenches of Antwerp. He gave us a graphic account of the operations in which he took part. Several of his comrades were killed, but Ash fortunately came through unhurt.”(CHS) Inmate at School on 1911 Census, aged 14.

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Aspinwall, Rupert Allen

1/6th Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Killed in Action August 1915.

Barlow, Arthur

Reported in School Magazine as 15th Battalion Royal Scots (Lothian) Regiment, known as the Manchester Scottish. Former Clerk, enlisted in Edinburgh Battalion, 3rd October 1914, aged 25.  Arthur had previously rejected for service due to his chest measurement.  Born September 1889 in Higher Crumpsall and former resident of Kingshorn, FIfe.  Private Numbered 17823, Arthur was promoted :Lance Corporal in March 1916 and reverted to Private in June  that year at his own request.  He had arrived in France after December 1915. Commemorated at Thiepval having been killed in action on 1st July 1916, aged 27.  He had originally been posted missing and later presumed dead.  Younger brother below.  Second brother killed in April 1917 with the 20th Royal Fusiliers, (Public Schools) Battalion.  Both Arthur’s parents were deceased in 1916, with brother Walter and Sister Amy received Arthur’s effects, resident 44 Woodlands Road, Levenshulme.  Walter served as 212297 Sapper in Royal Signals, Fife – with no apparent service abroad. James Mills Barlow was Arthur’s Uncle and noted as Guardian, resident February Street, Chorlton on Medlock.. Probationer at School on 1901 Census, aged 11.

Barlow, George

1/6th Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Killed in Action June 1915. Probationer at School on 1901 Census, aged 14.

Barker, Frederick William

21st Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Died of wounds September 1916.

Boyes, Cecil Goldschmidt.

Private 59615 (4880 in 1914) in 9th (Service) Battalion (City of London Regiment) Royal Fusiliers.  KIlled in Action 30th November 1917.  Commemorated Cambrai Memorial, Loureval.  Cecil’s guardian uncle Rudolph was naturalised German and Cecil used the Boyes name for school, but Goldschmidt for the Army.  Cecil was born in Yorkshire on 20/3/1889.  He had initially arrived in

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

France on 14/11/1915 with the 20th (Public Schools) Battalion, which had been formed at Epsom on 11/9/1914.  The Medal Roll shows a gap in Service from 23rd June  to October 1916.  This was probably a result of treatment for wounds at Home.  Cecil then went on to serve with 8th Battalion, where he was probably wounded again around 6/5/1917; and finally 9th Battalion from 9/11/1917 – with short term postings between. It is likely Cecil was killed in the artillery bombardment south of Villers Guislain or subsequent fierce German assault on La Vacquerie.  Cecil died intestate with nobody mentioned as receiving his effects. SDGW records suggest Cecil was awarded the Military Medal.  These records are known to be unreliable and no evidence has been found to verify the award in the London Gazette or Medal Rolls.

Braddock, Fred
Pupil Boarder at School on 1901 Census, aged 15 with 11 year old sister Minnie who received Fred’s Effects (shared with brother Hubert) when he had died of wounds in 36 Casualty Clearing Station.  He is buried in Hielly Station Cemetery, Mericourt.  Fred was a Private, serving as 1221 in 2nd Battalion Royal Munster Volunteers.  He had originally enlisted in the 7th Battalion in Cardiff and first served in the Balkans, arriving 7th August 1915. The 1901 Census suggest Fred had been born in Stockport, whereas other records specify Laxey, Isle of Man. 1891 records show Fred living with his parents, George & Eliza and sister Minnie at 22 Bramhall Lane, Stockport.

NB Originally thought to be Kings Liverpool Regiment Fred Braddock

Corporal Edmund Compton Butterworth

1/6th Battalion Manchester Regiment.  Killed in Action June 1917.

Melville Chiswell

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

© THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Killed in action 25/43/1918, serving as Lance Corporal 51682 in 6th Btn Lancs Fusiliers, aged 32.  HEATH CEMETERY, HARBONNIERES Enlisted in Grimsby and also served in 14th Cheshire Regiment, arriving in France after 12/1915.  Son of Charles Augustus (deceased) and Beatrice Chiswell Garstang, of 1, Beechfield, Bowdon, Cheshire, Melville was an actor resident in Chorlton on Medlock in 1911 in the caste for The Lifeguard in 1912/13. Born Didsbury 11/2/1886 and included in 1901 Census as 15 year old Foundationer and admitted to WACOS on the same day as Edmund Butterworth, as above.

Colles, Godfrey

Died 12/10/1914 Chorlton, Lancs.  Regiment not known – despatch rider (CHS) Died through result of operation with appendicitis and pneumonia.  He is buried in All Saints, Cheadle Hulme Cemetery. Census & BMD records show Godfrey to have been an architect living with his 73 year old mother Mary at 5 Station Road, Cheadle in 1911.  Godfrey had been born in July 1878 and is shown as a pupil in the 1901 Census.  He left his estate of £3,140 to his sisters Hilda and Beatrice. The Death Certificate makes no reference to Military Service and the Despatch Rider role must have been undertaken without formal enlistment.

Douglas William Crick

Proud Employers recorded the men who enlisted.  This Roll includes Louis Brownjohn and Frank Chandler.

Douglas Crick is a second man who is mentioned on the Memorial, but not included in CWGC or SDGW records.  However, extensive information confirms Douglas served in two theaters.  Having been treated in the Colchester Military Heart Hospital, Douglas was then discharged as unfit on 31st July 1918.  He was discharged with a Disorderly Action of the Heart (DAH) and died in The London Hospital, Whitechapel on 26th August 1918.  The Pension document initially specify Service as the cause of the condition, but this was crossed out and replaced by text that suggest the condition was exacerbated, rather than caused by Service.

Douglas was born in Reddish on 17/10/1890.  By 1901 the family lived in Thornton Le Fylde where his father John was employed a Dye and Bleacher agent.  John died on 30/7/1902 when it is likely Douglas and his sister Erica were considered as Foundationers at WACOS.

Douglas was an education student at Manchester University when the 1911 Census was taken. He lived with his widowed mother, Elizabeth, and sister at 2 Lawrence Street, Ardwick.  Elizabeth was employed as a teacher. He is included on the Manchester Education Committee role as one of the numerous teachers who served in the War.  He had been resident at 40 Leighton Road, Old Trafford, prior to enlisting. While at University, Douglas had been a member of the OTC.  His Death Certificate shows Douglas was a Schoolmaster and army Pensioner living at 389 Mile End Road, east London.  He died of Lobar Pneumonia and Septicaemia.  His sister Erica Carson Crick of St Thomas’s Rectory, Ardwick Green was confirmed as next of kin.

Douglas was serving as 18757 in the 6th Royal Lancaster Regiment when he entered the Dardenelles on 3/9/1915. He had enlisted on 31/5/1915 and received a little more than three months training with 3rd Bttn.  While serving in Turkey with 6th Bttn Douglas suffered jaundice, frostbite and a septic finger.  After hospital treatment in Gallipoli he was posted Home in January 1916 and then went to France with B Coy 1st Bttn on 14/6/1916.  He was wounded with a gun shot  to the shoulder on 11/4/1917 appointed L/Cpl in May 1917.  Following brief leave in the UK in August 1917, Douglas returned to France in early September and was wounded for a second time on 9/10/1917. He was persistently ill and returned Home in December 1917.

The Pension Board considered Douglas case in July 1917.  They decided his condition was not caused by Service and the disability of DAH would be over in 6 months.  Douglas is not recognised in the Commonwealth War Grave record, even though he died 6 weeks after being discharged from the Army with conditions that are likely to have been somewhat linked to his service.  Thankfully the School acknowledge his service and loss.  Manchester University and OTC does not.

Lance Corporal Roland Cullen

Roland was killed in Flanders in 29th July serving with the 13th Bttn Royal Welsh Fusiliers (RWF). He is buried in Bard Cottage Cemetery, north of Ypres.
Roland was born in 1886 to parents James and Mary Cullen of 43 Park Road, Longsight. His father was Chief Clerk and Cashier CC [possibly City or County Council?] In 1901 Roland was a Foundationer at the School and ten years later, he was resident at 106 Taylors Road, Stretford , employed as a ledger clerk with a lithographic printers. He had married Ethel Rose Cullen on 21/3/1908 and the couple had four children, the youngest being born in Stockport on 3/1/1917. She never saw her father.
The Cullen family lived at 156 Great Roxborough Street, Hyde when Roland attested 468332 on 1/12/1915. He was then held in reserve-presumably because of his age and children. On 7/6/1916 he was called up for Service in Chester with 3rd RWF. He was penalised 3 Days CB for having dirty equipment on parade 3/8/1916 in Litherland, but Promoted L/Cpl unpaid 17/11/1916. After training in England he was posted to 13th RWF in France, via 5th IBD.
Following Roland’s death Ethel received a widow’s pension and his effects including the Gospel of St John, some photos and cigarette case. His sons Leslie and Harold went on to be foundationers at the School. Trooper Harold Roy Cullen then died in 1945 serving with Royal Armoured Corps – Stockport Crem. It seems his son was also a Foundationer. Roland’s eldest son Leslie, left a legacy to the school when he died in 1988.

Dickson Sam MC

Captain in 1/5th Manchester Regiment. KiA 20/10/1918

Dockrill, Edward Maxwell
Edward is denoted as an ‘Orphan’ at the School in the 1881 Census. In the 1971 Census he was living in Chorlton On Medlock with parents Thomas J and Martha Dockrill. His father was a buyer in a shipping house. Edward had been born in April 1870 and christened in Manchester Cathedral.
By 1891, Edward was living in Camberwell, London with his brother. He married Gertrude Josephine Armstrong in Q1 1900 and the couple was resident in Chorlton on Medlock with their first son, Thomas Edward. Edward was then a cab driver. In 1911, Edward was still married, but living with his younger brother Thomas Harold Dockrill at 516 Stretford Road. He was then a picture framer. The family had lived in Grimsby when daughter Maud Kathleen was born in 1906.
Edward enlisted as 14073 in the 8th Bttn Loyal North Lancs (LNL) Regiment on 3/9/1914. He was then a painter resident at 157 York Street, Stretford Road. He arrived in France on 25/9/1915. On 21/5/1916, Edward received a Gun Shot Wound to the back, injuring his spine and lung. Following treatment in 77 Field Ambulance and 42 Casualty Clearing Station, he died in 24 General Hospital, Etaples on 29/5/1916. Edward left his Effects to his daughter Gertrude Hermia. His other daughter, Kathleen Maud was also resident in a Convent in Grimsby under the guardianship of Sister Vincent. Edward had arranged for his Separation Allowance to be paid to the Convent during his service. Gertrude had remarried to Mr Moss in December 1917 and resident in Sydenham, London. Kathleen was then living with her and Thomas was as sea.

Dunkerley, Vernon Arnold
Vernon Dunkerley was a Probationer at the School in the 1901 Census. He had been born on 13/11/1888. For the previous 1891 Census, he had been living with his parents Zachaeus and Louisa in Heyes Lane, Timperley, Cheshire. Zachaeus was a manager of a window cleaning company and sadly died soon after the census return.
By 1911, Vernon lived with his mother in Westwood Avenue, Timperley. He was employed as a greycloth salesman. Vernon married Lilian Ella Clarke on 8/2/1913 in St Gabriel Church, Hulme. It is not known when Vernon enlisted, but he served as General Service 16807 in the 9th Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment, enlisting in Altrincham. His Medal records confirm overseas service after 1915.  It is almost certain Vernon originally attested with a more local regiment and was later posted to the Royal Sussex.
Vernon died of wounds on 10/5/1918 in Shrewsbury. He left his effects to his widow, Lillian and father in law, William Clarke. He was buried in the Christ Church, Timberley Churchyard

Edmondson, Leonard Alfred

Lance Corporal in 17th Manchester Regiment. KiA 1/7/1916. Not named on Memorial Board.  Probationer on 1901 Census.

Edwards, Emrys

Private in 17th Manchester Regiment. KiA 1/7/1916.

Halliday, Balfour

Stockports Soldier Balfour HALLIDAY part of WEST YORKSHIRE REGIMENT on CHEADLE HULME memorial and buried at Estaires Communal Cemetery, Nord, France

Hamnett, Richard Whally
Born in Wilmslow on 26/10/1895. Parents William J and Mary E Hamnett lived at 13 Mosley Park, Willmslow in 1901. Richard was staying with his grandfather Andrew Whally, a farmer, at Stone House Whallys Lane, Wilmslow. William had died and the family lived at 174 Monton Road, Monton in 1911. Richard was then an apprentice Mechanical Engineer.
Enlisted at Seymour Grove, Old Trafford 19th October 1914, claiming to be aged 20. With a date of birth as 26/10/1895, heas underage at just 18. Apperently held on Reserve, Richard was called up to Woolwich Dockyard on 23/1/1915. He had been a Driver and volunteered in the Army Service Corps, T2/015946. He suffered inflamed tonsils in February 1915 when he spent time in Frencham Hill Military Hospital. He went on to serve in No 1 Coy, 55th Division train, having arrived overseas on 7/7/1915. He returned to Home service on 14/7/1918, possible due to illness or wounds. Richard suffered bouts of influenza from July to December 1918, when he was hospitalised on Hunstanton and Norwich.
Richard died from heart failure at Asma Park, Longsight on 6/1/1919. He is buried in WILMSLOW (ST. BARTHOLOMEW) CHURCHYARD. His mother received Richard’s medals and effects. She lived as 63 Manor Park, Levenshulme. She had lived at 174 Monton Road, Moston when Richard enlisted.
Brother, Gilbert Andrew served in the Guards Machine Gun Regiment. Gilbert had been a Foundationer in 1911. Second brother Frederick William served in the Royal Field Artillery. Both survived hostilities.

Harris, Edgar Stanley
Private 2578 1st/15th Bn. London Regiment (Prince of Wales’ Own Civil Service Rifles). Killed in Action 09/11/1915, aged 28. Commemorated on LOOS MEMORIAL. Son of the late Richard F. H. Harris. Enlisted, Aug., 1914 in London. Entered France 19/3/1915. Resident Merton.

Born 1887 in Chorlton cum Hardy. Baptised Stretford. In 1891, Edgar lived with parents Eliza Ann & Richard Frederick Howard – shipping merchant and a servant at 38 Bruton Street, Moss Side.

13 year old Foundationer on 1901 Census. Shipping clerk, resident Parkside Road, Moss Side in 1911, as nephew of Richard Henry and Hannah Jones.

Soldiers Effects left to Edward Levick.

Hart, William Barker

Courtesy Australian War Memorial with thanks.

Courtesy Australian War Memorial with thanks.

William is reported to have been killed by ‘friendly fire’ from a Heavy Trench Mortar. Remarkable material from the Australian Red Cross RRCDIG1046079 Aus Red Cross and the Australian War Memorial AWM 131 – Service Details provides detailed accounts of the specific events. These confirm that William was killed by an Australian 6” Stokes Mortar “Flying Fig” which fell short. This caused fatal wounds to William’s head and his right foot was ‘blown away’ as he got up from the ‘tape line’, in preparation for a trench raid led by Captain Wyllie. Events took place around 3 am on 4th July, near Sailly le Sec. Other men were wounded and Private Hamilton was killed outright by the same salvo. William survived 15 minutes while stretcher bearers made an unsuccessful attempt to bandage his wounds. He had been a Lance Corporal in V Platoon of B Company, having enlisted at Cootamundra NSW.
55th Bttn completed their patrol on 4th July and returned to carry in their dead comrades on 6th. The casualties were removed to the Regimental Aid Post prior to burial in Franvillers Communal Cemetery Extension under chocolate brown and green crosses denoting the 55th Bttn.

Church Inn Prestwich Courtesy @tomlandlord

Church Inn Prestwich Courtesy @tomlandlord

Documents confirm William had family in Manchester and his sister Dorothy received his effects. He had regularly received the Manchester Guardian, annotated with Queens College. This will have been sent by Miss Pauline Hope of Queens College, Birmingham. William is described as 5’7”, fair, quiet but very sociable – jolly. William is reported to have arrived in France on the ship “Ceramic” in summer 1916, having enlisted on 12/4/1916. RCDIG1067840 AWM Nominal Roll on Ship – HMAC Ceramic Next of Kin details show sister, Dorothy. William’s second sister Ellen lived at Chemies Street Chambers in London. She had been a Foundationer in 1911 and went on to study at Sommerville College, Oxford. Their parents were Annie and William Hart. The family is identified on the 1891 census as head of the household with Dorothy and William at the Church Inn, Church Lane, Prestwich, where William Snr. was the publican. The family had two servants.
Prior to hostilities, William had been a Chartered Accountant in Sidney, living at 6 Mosman Street, Mosman. He had emigrated in 1912, aged 24, as an employee of the Australian branch of J&N Phillips, of Manchester at 48 York Street, Sidney. In 1911, William had been living with his grandmother in Slades Villas, Chorlton cum Hardy. He had then been an accountant’s articled clerk.

Hayes, Arthur Stanley

Private in 1/6th Manchester Regiment. DoW 8/7/1915.

Hayward, Frank Rupert

Having been born on 25/7/1899, Frank Hayward must have joined the Royal Air Force in 1917.  He was Commissioned 25/1/1918, having served abroad as a Private in the RAF, 90817.  Frank died at Yatebury, Wiltshire on 23rd August 1918, serving with 36th Training Depot Station.  He was buried in St Luke’s Churchyard, Cheetham Hill, Manchester on 27/8/1918 and also commemorated on the screen wall in Southern Cemetery.  His address is identified in Parish Records as 87 Egerton Road, Fallowfield.

Brother James was also killed in the War.  Frank left his Estate to another brother, Herbert Armitage Hayward. Another brother Percy Ballinger served 9307 in the Balkans with RAMC and survived.

Parents Thomas Ballinger and Eliza Hayward had seven sons and at least two daughters.  They lived at Armitage Street, Cheetham Hill in 1901.  Frank was the youngest son and a Foundationer  at the School in 1911.  Eliza and the other brothers were then resident at 16 Frederick Street, Cheetham.

Hayward, James Harold

Private in 1/6th Manchester Regiment. KiA 29/10/1917.

Heeley, Arthur Edward

Private in 1/6th Manchester Regiment. KiA 23/9/1915.

Heywood, Walter

Private in 1/6th Manchester Regiment. KiA 07/08/1915

1926 Letterhead Crown Copyright

This list is created with the help of Charlotte Dover, the archivist of Cheadle Hulme School, together with members of the Great War Forum, Manchesters Forum and http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Cheshire/CheadleHulmeSchool.html.  Online records were used including Medal Index Cards and Soldiers Died in the Great War, census and BMD.

“…we are going to reward you by sending you back into the line again” What no cheers!

General Shea © IWM (Art.IWM ART 1575)In Mid July 1916*, Arthur Bell attended a speech by the CO of 30th Division.  The survivors who remained on duty after the assaults on Montauban and Trones Wood were apparently unimpressed with the General’s exuberance for further action.

“About then there was a Divisional Parade and we were addressed by the General  – “You have behaved so well that you deserve the finest rewards the good troops can have, we are going to reward you by sending you back into the line again”!…… (What, no cheers!)” (1)

90th Brigade War Diary includes a summary of the speech:-

Precis of Speech by Major General J.S.M. Shea C.B, D.S.O.

Commanding 30th Division. “General Steavenson, Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and men of the 90th Brigade. I take this earliest possible opportunity of expressing my thanks to you and my pride.
You were asked to take Montauban and you took it. You were asked to take Trones Wood and you took it.
I sent you into the first action an untried Brigade. You came out of it with, what is most dear to a soldier, a good name and a reputation. I sent you in with confidence. I shall send you into the next action with even more.
I will tell you of the rule which has been followed by Divisions with many casualties. A Division which has suffered heavily has been pulled out and sent North to make room for another Division. Believe me, I desire to cast no slur on other Divisions when I say that this order has been followed and Divisions which have suffered as heavily as you have been pulled out and sent North.
But the Corps Commander says that he cannot and will not do without you and the Commander of the Fourth Army has promised me faithfully that he will send us into the fight again. This is the highest compliment which could be paid to you as soldiers.
I wish I could recite to you the deeds of the Battalions. How the 16th and 17th Manchesters backed and supported by their gallant comrades the Scots Fusiliers took Montauban and held it, now the Scots Fusliliers, when it came to their turn, took Maltz Horn Farm and though it was nothing. An how the 18th Manchesters with the increasing devotion worked for them. And how later in their turn they shewed that they could fight.
I took the Commander of the Fourth Army yesterday that is he wanted any place taken and held, we, the 30th Division, would take it and hold it.
A great compliment has been paid you by the Commander of 39th Trench Division of the 20th Corps who were on our right both in Montauban and Trones in a message sent to the Fourth Army.”

*16th Bttn War Diary notes the speech taking place at Daours on 14th July.  17th Bttn were also billeted in Daours on this date and probably attended at the same time.

Brigade Parade 14th July 1916

Brigade Parade 14th July 1916

How the Cleethorpes Zeppelin reached Oldham

Originally posted on GM 1914:

The Cleethorpes Zeppelin

Cleethorpes Cemetery Image 1: Cleethorpes Cemetery – Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

On Friday 31 March 1916 men from the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion of the Manchester Regiment arrived in Cleethorpes.  Their role was to strengthen the coastal defences of the River Humber against German attack. As the men unpacked and settled into their billet in Cleethorpes Baptist Church Hall, five German Zeppelins were heading across the North Sea from their base in Nordholz, northern Germany. Their mission was to attack London and East Anglia.

As it approached England, Zeppelin L22, commanded by Kapitanleutnant Martin Dietrich, developed engine problems, so instead of heading for London as planned the pilot changed course for Grimsby docks. Shortly before 1 a.m. on Saturday 1 April the 518ft long airship crossed the east coast. As Dietrich passed over what he believed to be Grimsby, searchlights locked on to the L22 and an anti-aircraft…

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George Robinson Cotton Merchants Roll of Honour in 17th Manchesters

In late August 1914, members of Manchester Council and a group of business men agreed to form and finance a City Battalion of clerks and warehouseman from the commercial heart of the City. Certain commitments were made by principal employers and the organising committee promised that men who enlisted as a group would serve together. The Manchester City Battalions Book of Honour lists numerous Rolls of men who enlisted and some firms that lost numerous members of staff. One example that catches the eye is that of George Robinson & Co, cotton dealers of Princess Street. George Robinson Scroll Most employers Rolls list names and sometimes Regiment / Battalion. In this instance George Robinson provides portrait photographs. This enables us to put a face to the name of sample group of men from 17th Battalion – some of whom feature elsewhere on the site. Many men from the Company enlisted together and were posted to XVI Platoon of D Company. Six months later, only four employees remained in XVI Platoon, but the association with men posted to other Platoons will have remained. George Robinson & Co Photo RollHere are the faces and names for men who enlisted in the 17th Battalion. R L BryantPrivate R L Bryant. No known Medal entitlement and not included in Platoon Rolls in Book of Honour. Possibly discharged or transferred. Charles CritchlowLance Corporal Charles B Critchlow 8116. Manchester Grammar School Magazine reported he was wounded on July 2nd 1916 with three bullets through the leg and a scratch in the eye. Treated in 96 Field Ambulance and Hospital at Rouen. Home 7/7/1916. Furlough 86 Conyngham Road, Victoria Park in October 1916 after which he was posted to 69th Training Reserve Battalion. Discharged to Commission 25/4/1917. Various disciplinary offenses recorded some witnessed by Joseph McMenemy. Forfeited pay while in hospital while treated for VD. Former clerk at George Robinson & Co who had been born in Old Trafford. Aged 27 when enlisted 2/9/1914 and trained with XVI Pln, D Coy. Promoted Lance Corporal 9/2/1916. Charles was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant to the Manchesters on 25/4/1917 and killed in action on 22nd October 1917, serving with 21st Battalion near the Menin Road southwest of Gheveult.  Seven Officers from the 21st Battalion were killed in this assault, along with five wounded and one missing (Stedman).   His Commission was published in the London Gazette on 22/5/1917.  He has no known resting place and is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL Son of Lucie Critchlow lived in 167 Barton Road, West Didsbury with daughters Jessie and Helen. Charles was one of 13 children. His father, Bernard had died by 1911 when the family lived at 68 Bishop Street, Moss Side. He had then been marine insurance clerk. Charles’ estate was left to his mother who remained resident at Conyngham Road. Probate suggests Charles had been posted to 17th Bttn. John EmersonSergeant John Emerson 8542. Trained with XV Pln. D Coy. Transferred Fit to Reserve 13/3/1919. Percy Howard JonesCSM Percy Howard Jones 8673 B Company’s Company Sergeant Major was killed on 11/10/1916, in the German bombardment on trenches near Flers, the day before the Battalion joined a major assault to the north. Percy was 26 when he died. He is buried in the A.I.F Burial Ground, Flers, half a mile to the east of the Battalion’s trenches. His widow Leah Jones, lived at 3 Jackson St., Cheadle, Percy had been born in Didsbury and was employed by George Robinson & Co prior to hostilities. He had been CQMS when the Battalion arrived in France and Acting WO II when he was killed, previously been VI Pln Sergeant. Annersley HazleyPrivate Annersley / Ellersley Hazley 8186 . Trained with XVI Pln. D Coy. Arrived in France after 31/12/1915. Platoon. Irish father, Annesley and Oldham born mother, Hannah noted as blind in the 1911 Census when Annersley was a clerk in a shipping warehouse. Born 1893 in Manchester the family had lived at 84 Lower Moss Lane. Annesley married Harriet Bent in the 1st quarter 1917, most likely having been wounded on the Somme. Sidney LabreyPrivate Sidney Labrey 8221. 32 year old Pattern Card maker resident in Longsight when he enlisted 2nd September 1914. Discharged as unlikely to become an efficient soldier 27/1/1915 with valvular disease. 148 Days Service at Home No Medal entitlement. Received Pension from April 1918. Resident 62 Belgrave Road, Oldham. Son of Caroline Hester Labary, 14 Parsonage Lane, Flixton. His brother Ernest Edward Labrey served in 16th Bttn, having previously been in 2nd Volunteer Bttn and 6th Territorials. In 1917 he was attached to RAMC in France. George Harry SedgleyPrivate George Harry Sedgley 8891. Trained with XVI Pln. D Coy. Trained as bomber. Wounded Trones Wood. Cotton cloth clerk living with parents 575 Gorton Road, Reddish (1911). Born 1895. Later served with 2/5th Battalion. Transferred Fit to Reserve24/3/1919. Wilfred Lawrence WrayPrivate Wilfred Lawrence Wray 8354 – Born in York and resident Stretford. Born 1889. Son of William Thomas & Emily Maud Wray of 142, Barton Rd, Stretford, Manchester. Trained with XVI Pln. D Coy. Medal Roll specifies deceased, rather than killed, probably near Trones Wood, 10/7/1916. It is likely he was originally posted as missing. Accountants clerk living with parents (13 children) at 1054 Chester Road, Stretford in 1911. W L Wray also shown on Manchester Corporation, Tramways Dept. Roll. Thiepval Memorial XVI Pln 17th Bttn Roll of Honour